View the infographic below to discover the value of consumer directed healthcare accounts.
The graphic features an overview of HSAs, HRAs, and FSAs, along with other helpful information.
What is a Consumer Directed Healthcare Account?
A consumer directed healthcare account is a type of medical savings account that:
- Helps pay for eligible medical expenses
- Can be set up by an individual or offered through an employer
- Gives account holders more control over healthcare dollars
Three Types of CDH Accounts
1. Health Savings Account (HSA)
An HSA is owned by the participant and acts like a regular bank account. Money deposited into the account is used to pay for eligible healthcare expenses, including health plan deductibles.
- Must have a qualifying HDHP to open an HSA
- Funds used for eligible medical expenses can be withdrawn at any time without incurring taxes or penalties
- Unspent funds may be carried over into the following year
- Money in the account earns tax-free interest
- Funds used for non-medical expenses are subject to taxes and IRS penalties
- All contributions are tax deductible
2. Health Reimbursement Arrangement (HRA)
In an employer owned HRA, the employer deposits money into the employee’s account to help pay for qualified medical expenses, including deductibles and co-pays.
- Can be paired with any health insurance plan
- The employer decides which IRS qualified expenses are eligible
- HRAs cannot used to pay for monthly health insurance premiums
- The employer has the option of rolling over any unused funds to the next year
3. Flexible Spending Account (FSA)
- Maximum pre-tax contributions for 2017 is $2,600
- FSA funds can be used for a wide variety of medical, dental, and vision care expenses
- FSA funds can pay for co-pays and deductibles, but not premiums
- FSAs lower your income taxes by using pre-tax money
- Employers can contribute to your FSA, but are not required to
CDH Plans Catching On!
As of 2016, more than half of all large employers (500+ employees) offer an HSA-eligible plan*.
Growth in percentage of large employers with CDH plans:
- 2009 – 14%
- 2010 – 17%
- 2011 – 24%
- 2012 – 27%
- 2013 – 32%
- 2014 – 41%
- 2015 – 50%
- 2016 – 53%
*Source: Mercer National Survey of Employer-Sponsored Health Plans 2016
- Reduce current healthcare plan costs
- Help limit future increases in plan costs
- Employee retention tool
- Employees become better consumers of healthcare
- Reduce income taxes
- Lower healthcare plan premiums
- Save more for retirement (with HSAs)
- Set aside tax-free money to pay for medical expenses
Who Should Use a CDH Plan
CDHPs usually have the lowest monthly premiums, but higher deductibles and out-of-pocket limits. They work well for people who:
- Want the lowest monthly premium
- Anyone looking to reduce their tax burden
- Are good at planning and tracking their annual medical expenses
- Want to save on taxes by depositing their own money into an HSA